International mother language day is celebrated on 21st february every year. This day is to raise awareness of language, cultural diversity and multilingualism around the world.
Languages, with their complex implications, hold strategic importance for the earth and peoples around the world for identity, communication, social integration, education and development. Languages and dialects are under threat, and are disappearing completely, due to the continuing globalization. When languages disappear, with them the cultural diversity of the world. As well as traditions memory, unique ways of thinking and expression – valuable resources for ensuring a better future are also lost.
The purpose behind celebrating International Mother Language Day is to respect the languages and cultures of the world. The purpose of celebrating this day is to spread the propaganda of linguistic and cultural diversity around the world and to make people aware of different mother tongues in the world.
To know the diversity of the language in detail, many countries have also decided to work together on this subject. Under this, now a person of one region will not only be able to know the mother tongue of the person of another region but will also be able to learn it. Let us tell you that in many big countries including India, the next schemes are also being prepared in many ways to make the language easier. At the same time, new courses on language are being prepared in universities too, so that students can get information about different languages.
In India, the day is celebrates as matrabhasa divas. Matrabhasa (Mother tongue) is what a child speaks for the first time in life. Usually the child stays with his mother in childhood. And it is natural that the child will learn and speak the language spoken by the mother. That’s why we call the language the child speaks for the first time as mother tongue.
Every mother tongue has some specialty. Mother tongue mainly combines three things.
1. Numerical value
Along with India, many ancient languages are now on the verge of extinction in many countries of the world and every two weeks a language is disappearing to carry with it a complete cultural and intellectual heritage. Multilingual and multicultural societies exist through their languages that transmit and preserve traditional knowledge and cultures.
Talking about the whole world, every 14 days one language is getting extinct. And if we talk about India, then the situation here is not very good.
We want to put some statistics in front of you to explain this thing. Through these figures you can understand how dire the situation is.
The following figures are given on the basis of population of 2011 :
1. A total of 19,500 languages and dialects are spoken in India.
2. Out of which about 2,900 are on the verge of extinction. Actually these languages are spoken by only 100 or less people.
3. Out of the total 19,500 languages, only 121 languages are spoken by more than 10,000 people.
4. The interesting thing is that out of the above 121 languages, 99 languages are spoken by only 3.29% of the people of India.
5. And the remaining 22 languages are such that 96.7% of the people of India speak.
It is clear from the above data that we will have to make every effort to expand our mother tongue. Otherwise the day is not far when our language will also be in that list which is getting extinct every 14 days.
The theme of 2022 International Mother Language Day is “Using Technology for Multilingual Learning: Challenges and Opportunities”. This year’s theme focuses on advancing multilingual education and the potential role of technology for quality education and quality education for all.
The makers of the Indian Constitution had aspirations that after independence, the governance of India should be carried out in their own languages so that the general public remains connected with the government and there is a harmony in the society and progress can be made for all. There is no doubt that India is on the path of progress. But it is also true that the benefits of this progress are not fully reaching the common people of the country.
There’s no harm in learning a skill and it’s always proven to be of an advantage in future. Hence we encourage everyone to learn a new language.