Hindustani Tongue

Let’s Learn Hindi! Get Started with These 31 Beginner Lessons

Let’s Learn Hindi! Get Started with These 31 Beginner Lessons

If you hesitate to speak Hindi then you should think once. Today, due to Hindi lovers, this language has become the third language of the world. Today, Hindi is the third most spoken language among all the languages ​​spoken around the world. In this Article we are discuss about how to Learn Hindi: 31 Beginner Lessons

Ethnologue, the 22nd edition of the World Language Database, states that there are 6 Indian languages ​​out of the 20 most spoken languages ​​of the world, with Hindi at the third place. According to Ethnologue, 615 million people worldwide use Hindi.

In this blog, I’ll tell you about the Hindi language and also I’ll let you know about the list of 31 beginner lessons to learn Hindi. So have a look at this new exciting blog.

Why Learn to Speak Hindi? It’s One of the “Big Five” Languages

The Hindi is a worldwide spoken language. Hindi comes under the “Big five” Languages. Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world, You must learn Hindi.
Let us see world’s top 5 (Big Five) languages –

◾️English is the first place among the most spoken languages ​​in the world and 1132 million people use this language all over the world. ◾️Apart from this, in second place is the Mandarin language spoken in China, which is spoken by 1117 million people.
◾️With 615 million speakers all over the world, Hindi is the third most spoken language in the world.
◾️At number four is Spanish with 534 million people and
◾️At number five is French with 280 million people.

Hindi language is also spoken in Mauritius, Fiji, Suriname, Trinidad, and Tobago. Hindi is one of the seven languages ​​that can be used to create a web address.
The word Hindi is derived from the Persian word ‘Hind’. Its
This means from the region of the Indus river.

Check out this useful article on the learn Bengali in 30 days

Hindi’s Ancient Heritage: Sanskrit

Sanskrit is the main branch of the Hindi-European language family. Sanskrit means – cultured language. It is counted among the oldest known languages ​​in the world. Sanskrit is also called Devvani. Sanskrit is the oldest language of India, known to the Aryans. Hindi is an Aryan language and is considered to be the successor of Sanskrit. It is also said to be the birth of Hindi.

The Hindi language is a standardized form of the Hindustani language, in which the use of similar and tadbhav words of Sanskrit is very high and on the other hand, the use of Arabic-Persian words is very less.

In fact, the two languages ​​have a lot in common. It happens, that the alphabet of Sanskrit language is almost the same. Characters are the smallest unit of language which cannot be divided, words formed from these letters and sentences formed from words. You can learn a lot of Sanskrit words and pronunciation to learn Hindi.

Hindi Writing and the Hindi Alphabet — The Beautiful Script of Devanagari

Hindi Writing and the Hindi Alphabet — The Beautiful Script of Devanagari

The script of the Hindi language is Devanagari. Devanagari script is the most widely used script in India. Learning the Devanagari script is very beneficial for everyone. Devanagari script is easy to learn and can benefit you in learning many other languages easily.

Hindi is written from left to right. It has 52 letters, of which 14 are vowels and 38 are consonants. Devanagari script is a phonetic script that is the most scientific of the existing scripts (Roman, Arabic, Chinese, etc). Any word or sound of Hindi languages ​​can be written as it is in Devanagari script and then the written text can be pronounced almost the same, which is not possible in Roman script and many other scripts.

The Devanagari script has evolved from the Brahmi script. Hindi is not a subject, it is a language, which is very easy to speak and write. When it is written in the language, then there is a line above the words, which is called Shirorekha, this is its identity.

If we look at the Devanagari script in Sanskrit, then it is divided in the form of Dev i.e. God, and Nagri i.e. script. This script is used in the cities, hence the name Nagari script. The Nagari script is used to write Sanskrit, Prakrit, Hindi, Marathi, and Nepali languages.

It believes that the entire linguistic system of modern India has emerged from this.

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Hindi Pronunciation — Much Easier than English

Hindi is easier to speak than English. Grammar used in Hindi is simpler than in English, because there are not so many rules in it.
Not only this there are many words in the English language which start with some other alphabet and its pronunciation is different.

For example, the English spelling alphabet of psychology should start with “s” or “c” but it starts with “p”. This is not the case in the Hindi language. We read and write what we see in Hindi. This is the reason why the British have called Hindi the best phonetic language.

In Hindi, the past, present and future are not told differently, that is, the verb remains the same for these three tenses, but in English, the action of all three tenses changes. Therefore, speaking Hindi is easier than English.

Two Languages for One: Hindi and Urdu

If you’re learning Hindi then you can also learn Urdu. Both Urdu and Hindi are two forms of the same language. Although they are relatively similar languages, they have two different writing systems.

Urdu is known as the national language/qaumi zaban of Pakistan. Urdu language is one of the 22 official languages ​​of India. There is a language made up of a mixed language of Hindi and Sanskrit – Urdu. The Urdu language has a complex and fascinating history.

Urdu and Hindi both have language origins. They came from Indo-European and Indo-Aryan language families. Both languages ​​are derived from Sanskrit. Because of this, they have the same Indic base and similar phonetics and grammar. They also share the same region (South Asia) where they are mainly spoken. Many words of Urdu were formed by adding prefixes and suffixes to the popular words of Hindi-Sanskrit.

Check out this useful article on the How to Learn Marathi in 30 Days

Persian and Arabic Loanwords in Hindi

Hindi language itself is a sea of ​​words. However, it is so liberal that it has adopted foreign languages ​​and made them companions of its development. Many words from English, Urdu, and Arabic-Persian came and rammed into Hindi.

Arabic considers the language of Islam. With the advent of Islam in the country, the tradition of Arabic language also started. Words of Hindi finds in many European languages like कलम (writing supplies).

It would be surprising to know that the name of our language Hindi is also considered to be a word of Persian. Many words of this language have remained from Hindi. Such as अनार (Pomegranate), जमींदार (owner of a large tract of land). Thousands of words of this language are mixed in Hindi and increasing its beauty. Some of the most beautiful words of Hindi Bollywood takes from Urdu.

Therefore, with a mixture of different words and letters Hindi is a very rich language. With the taking of more different words from different languages, it became more interesting and fun to learn.

Hindi Words You Already Know

There are so many similar words in Hindi and English. Many Hindi words you might hear or speak while traveling, eating, or talking. India is well known for its rich culture and heritage that’s why India has a rich tourism sector. Whenever you travel to India you might listen words in Hindi such as Namaste (Hello), Dhanyawaad (Thank you), Aap Kaise hain? (How are you?), Aap kaha ja rahe hai(Where are you going?), Shukriya(Thanks), Mujhe Hindi nahi aati (I can’t speak Hindi).

Indian food is popular in many countries. If a tourist visits India, he/she wants to taste all types of different foods of India. While eating food in a restaurant, you might see the menu card and dish names like Aloo gobi, Chana masala, Palak paneer, Chicken tikka masala, Dal makhani, Kofta, Pakora, Biryani, Achaar, Raita, samosa. Street food is most popular in India. Some street food – Pani Puri, Dosa, Bhel puri, Momos, Chaat, PavBhaji, Vada Pav.

There are many formal talks or conversations used in Hindi. Such as माफ़ कीजिए (Excuse me), मुझे अफसोस है (I’m sorry about that), आपकी मदद केलिए धन्यवाद (Thanks for your help), आप का स्वागत है (You’re welcome), आप बहुत दयालु हैं
(You are very kind). Thus, Countless words of foreign language have been mixed in the Hindi language. If you want to Learn Hindi then you should learn Hindi online.

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Hinglish: A Risk or a Help for Hindi Learners?

Today, a large part of the country’s population has to do its work in Hindi and English. The mixed form of ‘Hinglish’ is being used indiscriminately. Hinglish is not a language. In the event of the use of English words and sentences in abundance while speaking Hindi language, the name given to the common colloquial language.

Today ‘Hinglish’ is being used differently in different areas of India, whose effect is visible in the form of information technology, internet, chat, mobile messages and Hindi blogging. Even though the number of children speaking Hindi is increasing on the pretext of Hinglish, the increasing trend of Hinglish is a matter of serious concern from the point of view of the dignity of Hindi language.

The use of Hinglish is proof of the fact that Hindi is most spoken language in India and a person educated in English cannot speak to the common man. In whatever form it may be, Hindi will only benefit from it. South Indians have to resort to Hinglish to communicate with North Indians. Hinglish also acts as a bridge between many languages ​​of India. From this point of view also, Hinglish will increase the number of people speaking Hindi.

How to Learn Hindi: 31 Beginner Lessons

Hindi is easy to learn, you just need to do daily practice and revise a few lessons. For a beginner, I’ll suggest you to take a Hindi language course in which you’ll get to learn Hindi lessons.

Basically, there are 31 beginner lessons to learn Hindi. So let’s have a brief short look at these 31 lessons of Hindi.

How to Learn Hindi: The Beginning

Lesson 1: Context is everything in language learning.

Admittedly, the best way to learn a new language is to speak it. Sometimes people spend all their time learning grammar and memorizing lists of words, rather than actually going out and practicing what they’ve learned. To learn Hindi you should also focus on the speaking and its context.

Lesson 2: Google Translate is your friend.

Use google translate for Hindi at all times whenever needed. Using google translator, You will save you time and frustration.
All you need to do is have the facility to quickly lookup a word whenever you want. Google Translate finds to be the best tool for learning to speak Hindi.

Lesson 3: Keep note of all the words you’ve learned or want to learn Hindi.

You should keep noting all the Hindi words that you have learned or are going to learn. This will help you in revising. Keep them writing in a notebook or spreadsheet.

Lesson 4: Drop the “the”.

In Hindi, there is no word like “the” Or “a ”. The one with A / An known as the Indefinite Article and the one with “The ” is known as the Definite Article. “The” does not have any Hindi meaning of its own in an English sentence. Like This will make Ek pen to “The pen” Or “A pen”.

Lesson 5: Make a special effort to learn the “glue words” first.

Glue words are like and, but, or etc in English. But Hindi glue words are और, लेकिन, परंतु, ओर etc. For beginners, it becomes easier to learn Hindi, if they learn glue words in the beginning.

Lesson 6: Get ready for formalities.

. In Hindi there are few formal words such as aap, tum, aapko, tumhara. Hindi is a formal language. So a few formal words you must learn in it.

Lesson 7: Get ready to show respect.

As I told you above Hindi is a formal language but it is also a respectful language. In Hindi, the words “जी”, “श्री’ are important. The word jii is more important like if you’re saying yes or no to someone, So it’ll be like han-ji Or Nah-jii.

Lesson 8: Put verbs last.

In English the verb is not used in the end, its sequence is like SVO (subject-verb-object) while in Hindi the verb uses at last as SOV (subject-object-verb). There is a grammar difference between both the languages

Lesson 9: Gender matters.

In Hindi grammar, nouns are very important. It is an important part of the devnagri script as well as part of speech. While learning Hindi nouns you have to keep in mind that it has two forms i.e. male and female nouns.

Lesson 10: Adjectives.

In Hindi grammar, adjectives precede the noun in phrases. In order to learn Hindi adjectives more effectively, one must study the four types of adjectives in Hindi.

Lesson 11: Infinitive verbs.

In Hindi, you’ll learn that the verb ends with “na” like “to do” Or “karna”. This is the first pattern you’ll learn Hindi.

Check out this useful article on the Getting Fluent in Hindi

Special Features of Hindi Grammar

Now, you’ll read about the more features of Hindi related novels below, While above features become much familiar to you as they are much similar to European languages. So let’s have a look at some more features below.

Lesson 12: Distance matters.

In Hindi, it depends on pronouns whether the subject is near or far like it will be used as यह (yeh) or वह (vah) in Hindi

Lesson 13: Double verbs are common.

There are a lot of double verbs words used while speaking Hindi. For example, doing “करना”(karna) uses in many places such as homework karna (to do homework), work karna(to do work), driving karna (to drive the car).

Lesson 14: Prepositions are reversed.

Learning Hindi Prepositions is very important because its structure uses in everyday conversation. The more you master it the more you get closer to mastering the Hindi language.

Lesson 15: Possessives are reversed, too.

For instance, consider the English sentence “I am eating rice”. Similarly the Hindi sentence is मैं चावल खा रहा हूँ – note that the subject मैं follows the object चावल which follows the verb खा रहा हूँ.

Lesson 16: Pronouns can be in the past tense.

The Hindi sentence in which “था” And “ne” is at the end, said to be in Past Tense. Keep in mind, if any work done by a subject, then it is Tense, otherwise, it is not Tense. For example – I used to write letters or मैं पत्र लिखता था या मैंने पत्र लिखा.

The Most Surprising Features of Hindi

Lesson 17: You can distinguish male and female speakers, even in writing!

In Hindi, the word masculine gives the sense of such an object or person in which there is a sense of spaciousness, gravity or some roughness and The word feminine expresses the feeling of smallness, weakness, tenderness and beauty. Men and women both speak hindi. The male ends up with “a” And female “i”.

Lesson 18: Everyone is an “it”.

There is no gender inequality in hindi language. Both gives equal respect as there is no she/he/it in hindi.

Hindi at its Most Beautiful

Lesson 19: Doubling up words.

There are vast numbers of doubled words. If the meaning of “fast” is “jaldi” additionally “very fast” as “jaldi jaldi” Which is twice the same meaning in Hindi. Like this there are many words having the same meaning and features.

Lesson 20: Double words can be requests for more detail.

There are numerous double words used in Hindi for more information. For example: What kind of stuff do you bring? it’ll Tum “Kya” Saman lekar aai? But if you’re asking What all kind of stuff you brought? Then it’ll be Tum “Kya-kya” Lekar aai? In this one “kya” is asking for a single thing and “kya – kya” is for all things.

Lesson 21: Hindi is rich in untranslatable words.

There are many words of Hindi that cannot translates. Like – “Dhaba” is a Hindi word used to describe a roadside eatery. This word cannot translates exactly in English. These types of words simply don’t exist in English.

Lesson 22: There is a database of ‘untranslatables’.

There are some websites which help you to show the meaning of those untranslated words. They explain the word with a brief description and make you clear the meaning of that word. You can also take Hindi language classes online.

Bollywood Is Best to Learn Hindi

Lesson 23: Make use of subtitles for movies

Most Bollywood movies have subtitles in different languages such as English, Urdu, etc. If you want to learn Hindi quickly then watch Bollywood movies, and serials with English subtitles.

Lesson 24: Sing to learn Hindi.

There are many Hindi songs that can translates into English. Find them and listen. It will improve your Hindi pronunciation and bring Fluence in your Hindi speaking. Use lyrics of the song in Hindi and English both.

Lesson 25: Remember lyrics are poetic Hindi to Learn Hindi

The song lyrics are poetic in Hindi. So learn Hindi song lyrics like a poem. It’ll help you to remember faster and easier. After a time you’ll see improvement in your Hindi vocabulary and pronunciation.

Lesson 26: Imaginative translations.

The pronunciation of English and Hindi language are different so that the translation is also different. You only get better with time, effort, and deliberate practice. Translate each word and understand them so it’ll help you to improve more.

Lesson 27: The original Hindi is best.

Hindi is a very interesting language and you can find many Hindi original words and sentences in Hindi. If you see bollywood song lyrics and search them online on different translators then all will show different meanings. Use the correct one to find the Hindi original meaning of words.

Lesson 28: Get a proper explanation

Find people around you who speak Hindi and make friends with them so you can talk about the bollywood song lyrics.
If you don’t have one, then you can find people online who are native speakers of Hindi. You can ask for the meaning and translation of those lyrics. Which will help you to connect with Hindi language more. A native speaker can explain word meanings and lyrics perfectly rather than someone else

Lesson 29: Study dialogues for fun to Learn Hindi

Study dialogues for fun. Read the dialogue of the Hindi bollywood movie and speak it. Capture a few famous Hindi movie dialogues in your mind and speak them. If you cannot understand that dialogue’s meaning then translate the Hindi word or ask the meaning of the dialogue from the Hindi native speaker.

Picking up Speed

Lesson 30: Switch to Learn Hindi.

When you start learning Hindi then make it a habit, which means that you should integrate that Hindi with your lifestyle in such a way that even when you tired, sick or angry, the same language comes out of your tongue. You can watch movies, record and write songs in Hindi so that it becomes your practice and you enjoy it. You have to find new ways so that you enjoy learning Hindi

Check out this useful article on the 7 Beautiful Words in Hindi with Meaning

The Amazing Hindi Script You May learn Hindi

Lesson 31: Learn Devanagari.

Hindi speakers would be able to read other languages ​​through Devanagari and they would come closer to other languages. Devanagari uses for writing Nepali, Maithili, Rajasthani Marwari, Sanskrit and Marathi. If some more languages ​​were added to it, it would have reduced the hesitation between those languages ​​and those who spoke them. Learning Devanagari script is Learn Devanagari script as much as you can. It’ll help you to learn Hindi more easily.

-Written by Megha goyal

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