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History of the Bengali Language

History of the Bengali Language

The Bengali language has its roots in Prakrit or Middle Indo-Aryan which in turn descended from Sanskrit or Old Indo-Aryan. For more than two thousand years, Sanskrit was the predominant literary language and was also a common language used by people who generally spoke other languages ​​among specially learned or learned scholars and the cultured people of India.

During the Gupta Empire, Bengal was a center of Sanskrit literature. Central Indo-Aryan dialects were dominant in Bengal in the middle millennium when the region was a part of the Magadha region. These dialects called Magadhi Prakrit spoken in present-day Bihar state of India. Magadhi Prakrit eventually evolved into Ardha Magadhi and separates from the languages ​​of Bengal day by day. Ardha Magadhi at the end of the first millennium said to be Apabhramsa languages. Then the Bengali language developed as a distinct language with the passage of time.

In India, Bengali is one of the 23 official languages. It is the official language of the Indian states of West Bengal, Tripura and the Barak Valley of Assam. Bengali is the second official language of the Indian state of Jharkhand since September 2011. It is also a recognized secondary language in the city of Karachi, Pakistan. The Department of Bengali at Karachi University also offers regular programs of study at the undergraduate and masters level for Bengali literature.

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Bengali Literature

The development of Bengali literature began in the late 19th century. Bankim Chandra Chatterjee was one of the famous novelists who wrote the first romantic Bengali novel in 1865.

Bengali literature is prevalent in the West of India. The language of Bengali literature evolved into Prakrit or the Central Indo-Aryan language, the modern-day Bengali script derived from the Brahmi alphabet (273 to 232 BC) of the Ashokan inscriptions. The history of Bengali literature, in this context, divides into three distinct eras—Ancient Bengali (950–1350), Middle Bengali (1350–1800) and Modern Bengali (1800 at present).

👉The national song Vande Mataram takes from his political novel Anandamath.

👉The first Bengali novel of social realism is Piri Chand Mitra’s Allar Gharar Dulal (1858).

👉 Girishchandra Ghosh, Amrutlal Bose, and D. Great prose writers like Le Re, great prose writers like Devendranath Tagore and Ishwarchandra Vidyasagar and poets like Biharalal Chakravarty, Sharda Mangal and Sadar Asan also refined their songs.

Bengali Style and Grammar

Like every language, Bengali has its own grammar. Dr. Muhammad Shahidullah’s quick, “The name of the scripture that can  written, read and spoken correctly if you know the Bengali language is Bengali grammar.” So a question must arises that how to learn bengali language from hindi? Learning Bengali language from hindi is very easy and much similar. You must learn basic Bengali language.

The main feature of Bengal style of architecture is the use of bricks and black marble in the construction of buildings. The use of sloping ‘Bungla roofs’ in mosques continued. These were earlier the roofs of temples and monasteries.

👉There are also four topics in grammar. Such as: Phonology, Phonology or Morphology, syntax

Syntex and Semantics.

👉Words are the resource of language. There are innumerable words in the vocabulary of Bengali language. Learning Bangla is easier once you start learning it. One by one a word has a special meaning. But it is often the case that a word uses not only in a particular sense but also in different special meanings. Such use of words called application of different meanings.

👉Homogeneous meaning of any word To convey positive meaning

The word that uses called alternative word. There are such words in most of the languages ​​of the world including Bengali. Such as: fortune, forehead, destiny.

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Who Speak Bengali Language

The second most spoken language of India is Bengali, which speaks by 9.72 crore citizens i.e. 8.03 percent of the total population.

Bengali is an Indo-Aryan language spoken mostly in South Asia. It is the predominant language in most of the states in the northeastern regions of India including the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Bengali was initially a secular language of the old Indo-Aryans and influenced by Persian and Arabic. This language varies from state to state, especially in usage, pronunciation, words and phonetics.

Bengali speaks mostly in the eastern states of India West Bengal, Jharkhand, Assam and Tripura. This language is also spoken in the Middle East, America, Australia, Japan, Britain and Canada. This language is also a part of the programs offered by Karachi University. The national anthem of India written in Bengali language.

How To Write Bangla Alphabet

How To Write Bangla Alphabet

The Bengali alphabet (বাংলা লিপি – Bangla lipi) derives from the Brahmi alphabet. Many people think Is Bengali easy to learn or how to learn language easily?

It is also closely related to the Devanagari alphabet, from which it started to diverge in the 11th Century AD. The current printed form of the Bengali alphabet first appeared in 1778 when Charles Wilkins developed printing in Bengali.

A few archaic letters modernised during the 19th century.

Bengali has two literary styles: one is Shadhubhôsha (সাধুভাষা – “elegant language”) and the other Chôlitôbhasha (চলিতভাষা “current language”). The former is the traditional literary style based on Middle Bengali of the sixteenth century, while the latter is a 20th century creation and basis on the speech of educated people in Calcutta. The differences between the two styles are not huge and involve mainly forms of pronouns and verb conjugations.

Some people prefer to call this alphabet the Eastern Nagari script or Eastern Neo-Brahmic script.

Check out this useful article on the how to learn Bengali language From English

Learn Bengali Language

The word Bengali means people of Bengal. Learning a new language is no less than a challenge, especially when you have to learn a whole new alphabet. However, learning common sentences is a good way to start. Whether you are traveling to Bangladesh. So, you should know how to learn Bangladesh language or you need to learn Bengal language, or you just want to learn language for fun, you can learn some useful sentences with a little practice.

Understand the sound each letter makes, rather than how it works. Unlike in English, each letter can make multiple sounds. If you are an English speaker then you can also learn bengali language in english. Understand and learn all these sounds. For example, look at the alphabet and try to understand their pronunciation by making short two-letter words.

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How To Understand Bengali Language

Many of you want to know how I can learn Bengali language? To understand language you need to follow up few pointers given below –

1.Begin with transliteration before learning scripts.

Especially if your focus is on conversation rather than reading and writing, you will learn much more quickly if you use transliterated text instead of learning the Bengali script and speaking at the same time.

2. Remember the pronunciation of Bengali letters.

Since Bengali has a syllabic alphabet, once you know the sounds you can easily make out words you don’t know from the letters. This will be the most important way to Learn bengali language for beginners. You may not know the definition, but you may know how to pronounce it.

3. Identify the similarities between Bengali and English grammar.

As in English (but unlike some European languages, such as French or Spanish), the verb does not change form depending on the gender of the subject. How to learn Bengali language from english. You can learn easily as there are many similarities in their grammatical portion. So it became easier to learn Bengali language through english. You can learn English with Bangla.

4.Get acquainted with the Bengali Language script.

Bengali is traditionally written in a cursive script. There are 12 vowels and 52 consonants in the alphabet. Bengali is a syllabic language, so each letter has a complete sound associated with it. While there are different vowels, each consonant has its own inherent vowel.

5. Learn Bengali Language online

The best way to Learning Bengali for beginners is online class. The most easy way to learn language is online learning. Online learning is rapidly growing day by day. For this you should choose an online language class that is available on Hindustani Tongue. They provide you with different types of Indian language courses including Bengali language courses.

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